Cordoba Project

Title of the project ‘THE FINE ARTS – AS A WAY TO RETAIN THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF NATIONS’.
It is recognised as a project of international cooperation.

The participants:

The Culture House in Kielce as the leader with participation of The State Secondary School of Art in Kielce and partners from Academia Cordoba in Spain together with:

- Escuela de Arte de Granada in Granada,

- Centro Albayzín in Granada,

- Miguel Moreno, a sculptor, in Santa Fé

- Los Tres Juanes in Granada.

The project is to be realized from 02.01.2012 to 31.07.2014.

The main objectives to be accomplished:
- to make studying more attractive by improving the quality of education at our school as well as to use the experience of a foreign school partner by working together on new educational solutions.
- to increase the students’ knowledge in terms of artistic skills thanks to interdisciplinary teaching methods and techniques referring to the following specializations: carving, woodcarving, furniture making, old painting and gilding techniques.
- to make teachers and students’ Spanish language more advance.
The most important results:
- 101 students from our school will take part in workshops in Spain as part of the project;
- 60 project participants will improve their knowledge of Spain;
- 3 modernized curriculums based on new methodological guidebook prepared together with the Spanish partner;
- 15 teachers from our school will go to Granada and Cordoba three times;
- three two-week students’ visits; in Granada and Cordoba
- 600 hours of workshops in Poland;
- 150 hours of workshops done by the Spanish specialists in our school;
- 3 exhibitions;
- 3 exhibition catalogues (500 copies each);
- 432 hours of Spanish lessons (72 hours for each group);

Tasks

Task 1. We use the experience we already have and work on new methodological and technological solutions.
Task 2. Workshops for students in Granada and Cordoba and then in Kielce at our school prepared by teachers who took part in the Spanish workshops. After all visits to Spain are done there will be workshops led by the Spanish specialists.
To finalise task 2 there will be works exhibition.
Task 3. The Spanish language course that lasts 72 hours: 6 hours a week over 12 weeks.
Task 4. To disseminate the results of the project.
At the end of the project there will be a one day seminar for all participants of the projects, guests from Spain, delegations from all art schools in Poland and university art students, where the project effects will be presented.
Task 5. Project management.

Project manager – Jerzy Kosanowski
Educational Coordinator – Maria Kowalczyk
Organisation manager – Karolina Opałko-Moćko
Financial specialist – Barbara Chandzel
Coordinator in charge of the Spanish partner – Magdalena Adamczyk.

REALIZATION

 

TASKS


SPANISH COURSE
The basic level, 72-hour Spanish course relied on the participation of teachers and students who participated in the project – a total of 60 people. The classes were carried out in three cycles before the next group of students left for Spain. The teachers had the opportunity to continue their Spanish education at level A2. The activities were completed by Stanisław Gołębiowski.


STUDY TRIPS FOR TEACHERS OF THE ZPSP OF KIELCE TO SPANISH ART SCHOOLS
Within the project, three 5-day study trips consisting of 5 teachers were carried out in Granada and Cordoba. During these trips, the subsequent teachers were educated in the education system in Spain, including vocational training and the characteristics of artistic education in Granada – the Albayzín Centre and the School of Arts of Granada and Cordoba – the Dionisio Ortiz School of Arts, as well as the artistic workshop of carpentry of the “Three Juans”, university laboratories for art work restoration – The Faculty of the Beautiful Arts of the University of Granada and in the maintenance workshop of Alhambra.
The main topic of discussion during meetings with the teachers in the diverse workshops (among them workshops of furniture design, restoration studios and studios of polychrome and gilding) were the programmes and teaching methods, the selection of exercises and sources of inspiration for the completed themes and technical and technological applications. The teachers from Spain presented the works of their students which had been the result of the exercises  that had shaped their artistic abilities. The most popular of them all were those techniques less knownto the teachers from the ZPSP of Kielce, and which happen to be the most popular in Spain, especially in Andalusia -  which also include:
  -  “taracea”, the Spanish technique of marquetry
  -  the technique of Islamic ornamentation in plaster
  -  “estofado”, the Spanish technique of     polychrome and gilding
The teachers’ keen interest in the forementioned techniques resulted in workshops for the students in Kielce and the development of methodological guidebooks concerning these techniques. A supplement to these study trips of art was becoming acquainted with the details of Andalusian art in direct contact with the major works of art in Granada and Cordoba which could provide a major source of inspiration in teaching students art subjects.

STUDENT TRIPS TO WORKSHOPS IN SPANISH ART SCHOOLS
During the two weeks following workshops conducted in 2012, 2013 and 2014, students learnt  deeply rooted artistic techniques in the culture of Andalusia, andrelated technologies- principally the Islamic technique of ornamentation in plaster, marquetry  and “estofado”. The students demonstrated a great interest in workshops about art restoration,  mainly due to the possibility of working with historical buildings from the 17th century.
A total of 45 pupils attended the workshops in Spain.

The workshops:
The Granada School of Art
  -  The workshop of Islamic ornamentation: 2012 - three students, 2013 - three students, 2014 -  three students.
  -  Workshop of polychrome and gilding: 2013 – two students, 2014 – three students
  -  Workshop of enameling: 2014 – three students
The Albayzin Centre – The Andulusian School of Restoration in Granada, from the 2014 Albayzin Centre – Centre of National Reference in Crafts
  -  Workshop in furniture design: 2012 – three students, 2013 – four students, 2014 – three students.
  -  Workshop of art conservation: 2012 – four students, 2013 – three students, 2014 – three students

The Three Juans in Granada – an enterprise specializing in the design, reconstruction and restoration of historical works: 2012 – five students.

The studio of sculpting artist Miguel Moreno in Santa Fe in Granada: 2013 – three students


The Art School of Granada
In the workshop of Islamic ornamentation, pupils under the artistic supervision of Carmen Esturillo Fernández learnt the technique and technology concerning the creation of the ornament, starting from the preparation of the cast plaster plate up until the precise recording of forms according to the original and the execution of polychrome on the surface of the ornament. In total, they have created more than twenty separate modules of ornaments with either geometric or plant motifs. Some of them have been covered with a polychrome characteristic of clean colours while others have been coloured with clay or left in the original colour of the plaster.

In the studio of polychrome and gilding, directed by Alberto Gómez Hernández, the pupils learnt diverse techniques of polychrome and gilding. They learned to prepare a chalk and glue base and techniques of gilding and mixtion. The students covered the ceramic form relief with gold leaf and silver. They glazed the gilding with use of oil paints. The set became patinated. The participants of the workshop also had the opportunity to observe the work of the Spanish pupils on the technique of egg tempera and “estofado”.

In the workshop of enameling run by Rocío Medina Morales the students learnt the technique which is often used in the decoration of jewelry as small decorative forms. They mastered the technique – from the formation of a copper substrate through the application of enamels in selected colours up until being heated in a kiln and the protection of the surface. Each student completed a composition in an architectural motif and jewelry designed by themselves.

The Albayzin Centre
In the workshop of furniture  run by Pedro Javier Hernadez Seguro, the students learned the Spanish technique of “taracea”, the technique of carpentry design in the style of Mudejar. In 2012 and 2013, they completed octagonal forms, creating geometric ornaments using wood veneers and Spanish wood inlay “grecas”. Together with the Spanish students they participated in the restoration of an historic, Mudejar door.
While in 2014, the students (who specialize in furniture design and with the experience they had acquired during the workshops previously conducted by the Spanish teacher in Kielce), they worked on constructing the decoration of a door in the Mudejar style based on a technical drawing and its precise transfer to scale of 1:1 to the machine processing of materials and the assembly of the particular elements.

In the restoration workshop run by Luis Ramírez Bareo (between 2013 – 2014) and Lydia González Cepero (2014), the students learnt different conservational techniques during the renovation of historical monuments - frames dating from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries decorated with sculpted and gilded elements. As part of the restoration process, students cleaned the gilded areas and then coated the most damaged areas (on the wooden base) with varnish. Once it had dried, it was sanded down in order to achieve the effect of fusion of the original gilded elements with the method of making points. The students complimented the missing fragments by utilizing mica, watercolors with shellac. Some students also made a clay model for the reconstruction of a frame missing a side and also took part in the restoration of a 19th century altarpiece. They also had the task of filling holes caused by parasites with wax which suited the colour.

The Three Juans in Granada
The students took part in the construction process of a ceiling in the style of Mudejar. They were given the opportunity to observe the work with the use of advanced technology – from the design phase through specialized software programmes up to its implementation with the use of modern woodworking machines. The students completed components of the roof with stalactite of cedar pine and then assembled the complicated structure.

The workshop of sculptor, Miguel Moreno in Santa Fe
In this workshop, students familiarized themselves with the technological process of creating sculptures in bronze, starting with a watercolour model up to the final product in metal. They completed small sculpted forms according to authentic designs inspired by Spanish culture.
The works were casted in bronze, using the lost-wax casting technique. The encounter with this master resulted in having the chance to come to know his successes and artistic endeavours within his family-run business.


STUDENT WORKSHOPS COMPLETED AT THE ZPSP IN KIELCE BY TEACHERS FROM SPAIN, 13-17 OF MAY, 2014.
These workshops were led by teachers from the schools of art in Granada: The School of Art - Carmen Esturillo Fernández, Blas Ramos Calero, Centro Albayzín - Pedro Javier Segura Hernández y Luis Ramírez Barea. The classes were held in four groups in 40 hours over 5 days and were attended by 21 students of the ZPSP of Kielce. They enhanced the students’ understanding in the field of arts and crafts typical of Andalusian culture and enriched their practical skills acquired in the school. The ability to assimilate new techniques and style specific to ornamentation under the supervision of prominent specialists had a strong influence on the students. This new experience will continue to be used in the educational process over the next few years in the ZPSP of Kielce.

Workshop 1: Islamic Ornament – teacher responsible: Carmen Fernández Esturillo
The students learnt the details of Islamic ornamentation and compositions which make use  of geometric systems. In addition, they learnt the fundaments of the technology and techniques of selecting the horizontal planes in plaster.

Workshop two: The use of plaited fibers in furniture design – teacher responsible: Luis Ramírez Barea . During the course, the students made plaits from rattan in diverse structures – in the form of a circle, trapezoid, and square.  They learnt to interface, finish and mount the seat to the furniture.

Workshop 3: Carpentry in the Mudejar style – teacher responsible: Pedro Javier Seguro Hernández
The students learnt the basics of the technology and techniques of carpentry in the Mudejar style, in particular the ways of combining and assembling the individual components of the construction and decoration. They completed two group exercises on pine wood: one involved the construction of a decorative suspended ceiling “alfarje plano” and the second one, “rueda de lazo”.

Workshop  4: The creativity and methodology of the project – teacher responsible: Blas Calero Ramos. The theme of this task was the creation of a related composition on the heritage of Europe, with a special emphasis on Spanish and Polish cultures. All together the students completed four large (more than 4 metres tall) compositions that they made with acrylic paints in geotextile fabric according to the previous projects which had been developed and discussed with the teacher, that used Arabic motifs of ornament, folk Polish paper cuts and gothic architecture.

STUDENTS WORKSHOPS CARRIED OUT IN THE ZPSP OF KIELCE BY TEACHERS OF THE ZPSP

Workshops: “The technique of marquetry”
In November and December of 2012, 40 students familiarized themselves with the Spanish method of marquetry during 50 hours of workshops. The teachers made the best of the experience from the partner school Albayzin Centre in Granada. The workshops were quite popular among the students that began designing images using new technology with enthusiasm. They had the choice of frames and little boxes of different shapes and form. They learnt the technology – starting from the transfer of the project by reducing the size and pasting “greca” strips and natural wood veneers to polishing, waxing and applying lacquer. In the end a total of 40 individual works were created.

Workshops: “ Islamic ornamentation in plaster”
In February of 2014, 19 students became familiar with the form of applying Islamic ornamentation in plaster during workshops spanning over 50 hours. The teachers were inspired by the rich Islamic ornamentation as exemplified by the culture of Granada and Cordoba and gained from the experience of the partner school, Granada School of Art.
The students completed ornamental compositions in plaster, using geometric and plant motifs. They designed motifs based on motifs of Islamic ornaments. During the workshop, they learnt the technology of ornament creation – starting from the preparation of the plaster board by transferring the developed model drawing, cutting, to the final work with details and surface protection.
In total they created 30 works.  One part of the work consists of individual ornaments, others were created to form part of a much larger work.

Workshops: “Estofado: technique of polychrome”
In February of 2014, 28 students became familiar with a new technique of polychrome (estofado) over 50 hours of workshops, which had previously not existed in the ZPSP of Kielce.  The teachers were able to take advantage of the experience they gained from the partner school: The Granada School of Art. They learnt both the technique of polychrome and gilding in the Spanish school, as well as examples of works of art, especially in sculptures located in the Carthusian monastery  in Granada.
During the workshops, the students made a polychrome in mirror frames and boxes, with geometric and botanical ornaments. In all works, the technique of “estofado” was applied – starting from the process of preparing the surface and the gilding with gold leaf or its substitute – schlagmetal, up to covering it in egg tempera or
oil paint, then scraping layers of paint for the extraction of the designed motif. The surface of the gilded works were enriched with a decorative account, acquired with the use of needles and dies with different designs. In total, 28 works made by individual projects were created.

The techniques learnt in the workshops offered students new experiences and influenced their creativity. The knowledge and abilities acquired during the workshops will be used in various ways during the upcoming years of learning. While they were learning these new techniques, the students were being inspired by decorative styles based on Spanish and Islamic art, improving their knowledge of art history.

 

PROJECT RESULTS ACCORDING TO SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES

 
EXPOSITIONS OF THE WORKS BY THOSE WHO PARTICPATED IN THE PROJECT
After each workshop conducted in schools and studios in Spain as well as in the ZPSP of Kielce, exhibitions featuring the completed works were held. These expositions were very popular among the school community, the guests and the local media.

PUBLICATIONS
Exposition Catologues
Each exposition that was completed during the workshops conducted by the teachers of the ZPSP of Kielce was accompanied by a catalogue. These published catalogues contain reproductions of all works by the students and photographs documenting the process of their creation.

Methodological Guides
Three methodological guides were created as a result of this project
  -  Taracea – the technique of Spanish marquetry. Methodological guide.
  -  Estofado – the technique of polychrome. Methodological guide.
  -  Islamic in ornament in plaster. Methodological Guide.

The objective of each one is to offer instructions on how to prepare and conduct workshops regarding these techniques.  The foundation for their development has been the experience of both the teachers and students of the ZPSP of Kielce acquired during the project, both study visits for teachers and workshops organized for students  in different Spanish schools and studios and in the ZPSP of Kielce.
The guides contain descriptions of the techniques’ characteristics and their historical conditions and include necessary information regarding the materials and tools required to complete such tasks, as well as a description of the procedural stages. The descriptions are accompanied by photographs of the utilized materials, tools and photographs that  record the stages of the work in the presented technique.

Interdisciplinary programme – wood base decorative techniques based on estofado – the Spanish technique of polychrome in gilding
The programme is the result of the collaboration between teachers of the ZPSP of Kielce and the Granada School of Art. Its interdisciplinary character allows it to be used in the teaching of distinct specialties as an extra-curricular module. The programme allows for its content to be used flexibly which can be executed with a group of students or individually for example with a very gifted student.
The implementation of the pilot programme was carried out during the workshop which took place in the ZPSP of Kielce in February of 2014.

Seminar Bulletin
This was a publication of the summary of the seminar regarding the final project where the activities and their effects were presented.


PHOTOGRAPHIC AND VIDEO DOCUMENTRY
All of the activities from the project were consistently documented for the students and teachers. The documentary contains thousands of photos and hours of video footage, principally of activities from the workshops.  These materials not only record past events but they will also provide a valuable source of inspiration in artistic teaching and work as much for the students as it is for the teachers. With extensive filming, a video montage was created – a short version aimed principally to promote the project and to present the successful achievements of the project participants in a much more amplified manner.